Daher, S, Kim, K., Lee, M., Bruder, G., Schubert, R., Bailenson J.N., & Welch, G.F. (2017) Can social presence be contagious? Effects of social presence priming on interaction with Virtual Humans IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces (3DUI) (201-202).
This paper explores whether witnessing a Virtual Human (VH) in what appears to be a socially engaging discussion with another virtual human confederate/accomplice (VHC) can prime a person to feel and behave more socially engaged with the VH in a subsequent interaction. To explore this social priming phenomenon, we conducted an experiment in which participants in a control group had no priming while those in an experimental group were briefly exposed to an engaging social interaction between a VH and a nearby VHC. The participants primed by exposure to the brief VHC-VH interaction reported being significantly more excited and alert, perceiving the VH closer, and showed significantly higher measures of Co-Presence, Attentional Allocation, and Message Understanding dimensions of social presence towards the VH, compared to those who were not primed.