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Journal Article

Can social presence be contagious? Effects of social presence priming on interaction with Virtual Humans

This paper explores whether witnessing a Virtual Human (VH) in what appears to be a socially engaging discussion with another virtual human confederate/accomplice (VHC) can prime a person to feel and behave more socially engaged with the VH in a subsequent interaction. To explore this social priming phenomenon, we conducted an experiment in which participants in a control group had no priming while those in an experimental group were briefly exposed to an engaging social interaction between a VH and a nearby VHC. The participants primed by exposure to the brief VHC-VH interaction reported being significantly more excited and alert, perceiving the VH closer, and showed significantly higher measures of Co-Presence, Attentional Allocation, and Message Understanding dimensions of social presence towards the VH, compared to those who were not primed.

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S. Daher
K. Kim
M. Lee
G. Bruder
R. Schubert
J.N. Bailenson
G.F. Welch
Journal Name
IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces
Publication Date